Although we have focused to this point on the situational determinants of conformity, such as the number of people in the majority and their unanimity, we have not yet considered the question of which people are likely to conform and which people are not. This makes sense because self-esteem rises when we know we are being accepted by others, and people with lower self-esteem have a greater need to belong and people who are dependent on and who have a strong need for approval from others are also more conforming (bornstein, 1992. As in group mentality, normative social influence may occur in individuals with identity confusion, low self-esteem, and a lack of authentic intimate relationships the individual seeks to fill these lacking elements by creating associations that seem idyllic, but are not authentic or legitimate (quiamzade, 2009. Self-esteem and group identity/conformity according to elliot aronson in his book the social animal we are in a constant tension between our values of individuality and conformity we want to fit in with the group without losing our unique qualities.
Minimal group theory/social identity theory (tajfel & turner 1979, 1991) people allocate themselves to groups they belong to (in-groups) and groups they do not belong to (out-groups) people gain their identity and self esteem from those groups. Gender would moderate relations between gender identity variables and self-esteem, such that self-esteem would be more strongly related to gender typicality and felt pressure for gender conformity among boys than among girls. Positive self-esteem can have gratifying effects on an individual's trust, relationships, work, confidence, optimism, the ability to learn from mistakes, self-care and take charge of his or her life without the anxiety and fear of being rejected.
A collective self-esteem scale: self-evaluation of one's social identity personality and social psychology bulletin, 18 , 302-318 for each of the following items, please indicate your response on a scale from 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree) by writing a number in the blank next to the question. 4 thoughts on racial identity and conformity india jane smith march 27, 2015 at 8:08 am i totally agree with you i went to an almost all black school in elementary and middle school. The social identity theory (sit) outlines self-association and identification within a group both zimbardo & asch conducted experiments in support of the theory showing how conformity is influenced tajfel and turner proposed the social identity theory in 1979, and this theory influenced conformity. Two aspects that are important in group behavior are conformity and compliance both conformity and compliance are prevalent in all types of groups, but first is important to point out the differences between these two types of behavior. Conformity is associated to identity, and to self esteem to some extent solomon asch is famous researcher who first conducted what is now commonly referred to as the solomon asch experiment in this experiment, he was able to demonstrate that conformity took place at all levels of existence.
In contrast, conformity refers to when people adjust their behaviors, attitudes, feelings, and/or beliefs to fit to a group norm conformity is generally regarded as a passive form of influence in that members of the group do not actively attempt to influence others. This research fits into the five main motivations for conformity: correctness, social acceptance and avoidance of rejection, the accomplishment of group goals, the establishment and maintenance of a self-concept/social identity, and the alignment of the self with similar people (nail, macdonald, & levy, 2000. Self-categorization theory argues that the key to in-group conformity and between-group polarization is social identity, ie, a person's incorporation of a group membership into his or her self-concept (turner 1985 turner et al 1987. Those who have high self-esteem are presumed to be psychologically happy and healthy (branden, 1994 taylor & brown, 1988), whereas those with low self-esteem are believed to be psychologically distressed and perhaps even depressed (tennen & afﬂeck, 1993.
Self-esteem tended to conform to their co-witness more often than those with high self-esteem scores we found that personality traits would be crucial factors in conformity through the present. The relationships of racial identity and gender role conflict to self-esteem of asian american undergraduate men yen ling shek, marylu k mcewen. Although originally an analysis mainly of intergroup relations between large-scale social categories, and more recently an analysis with a strong social cognitive emphasis, this article shows that the social identity perspective is intended to be a general analysis of group membership and group processes. This indicates that individual identity as a group member the influence of private conformity, group self-esteem, fanaticism and obedience toward the. Social identity contributes to our self-image so we seek positive social identities to maintain and enhance self-esteem we compare our in-group with out-groups of a similar status to enhance thus establish the superiority of our group.
Luhtanen and crocker (1992) defined collective self-esteem as those aspects of identity that have to do with membership in social groups (ie, race, gender, and religion) and the value placed on those social groups. Self-esteem, or the estimate of another person or persons is enhanced or detracted from by perceptions of how in-groups and out-groups are held to behave or are held to be able to perform or to rate in society. Being a member of a group that has positive characteristics provides us with the feelings of social identity—the positive self-esteem that we get from our group memberships when we can identify ourselves as a member of a meaningful social group (even if it is a relatively trivial one), we can feel better about ourselves.
For example, people with high self-esteem focus on growth and improvement, whereas people with low self-esteem focus on not making mistakes in life low self-esteem has been shown to be correlated with a number of negative outcomes, such as depression (silverstone & salsali, 2003. Groups also provide a variety of means for maintaining and enhancing a sense of self-worth, as our assessment of the quality of groups we belong to influences our collective self-esteem (crocker & luhtanen, 1990) if our self-esteem is shaken by a personal setback, we can focus on our group's success and prestige. There is no way to make causal statements that low self-esteem, conformity, or deindividuation make people into cyber bullies however, the research indicates that there is a link it would be interesting if further research could be done to see if there is a causal relationship between cyber bullying, self-esteem, and conformity.